Sustainable Mountain Development Summit (SMDS) is the Integrated Mountain Initiative’s flagship annual conclave. Every year 3-5 salient themes engaging the immediate attention of and relevant to the mountains and hills are taken up for threadbare discussion and debate. Conclusions and recommendations emerging from this exercise are pursued by IMI subsequently for actionable output.

The thematic focus of previous SMDSs are as below:

SMDS-I (2011), Nainital Hydropower, Adaptation measures under Climate Change, Rural Tourism, Community forestry
SMDS-II (2012), Gangtok Water, Forests & Communities, Mountain Livelihoods
SMDS-III (2013), Kohima Forests, Water: Rivers, streams & springs, Mountain agriculture
SMDS-IV (2015) , Itanagar Disaster Risk Reduction, Mountain Agriculture, Forests
SMDS-V (2016), Leh Water Security, Skills for development in the mountains
SMDS-VI (2017), Aizawl Climate Change & Sustainable Mountain Cities
SMDS-VII (2018), Solan Well-being of Next Generation of Farmers in the Indian Himalayan Region
SMDS-VIII (2019), Shillong Livelihood & Entrepreneurship for Youth


Each of these summits have been characterized by diverse discussions, debates and exchanges. They have also produced specific policy briefings and recommendations, which are helping change the dialogue on development practices and policies for the mountain states. Each summit had 200-300 participants, representing a diverse mix of policymakers, eminent scientists, researchers, academics, research and educational institutions, government representatives, legislators, business and industry representatives, international, national and grassroots level NGOs, field practitioners, consultants, experts, eminent citizens and media.

Visit for reports of earlier summits.